Granada – Sierra Nevada
José Manuel y Patricia, the owner of La Almunia del Valle looks forward to welcome you to Granada – Sierra Nevada
How to Get There
Granada is located in the heart of Andalucia at the feed of the Sierra Nevada and quite close to the Mediterranea sea. A place with gentle summers and warm winters perfect to enjoy snow sports in a privilegiated district with the highest peaks of the Iberian Peninsula.
The modern connections of Granada city make it, for example, two hours away from Seville or one hour from Málaga by motorway. The A-92 motorway connects this province with the Levante (East Mediterranean) and with West Andalucía. The A-44 connects it with Madrid and the whole south of the peninsula.
Federico García Lorca Airport is located in the town of Chauchina, 15 km. away from the city of Granada.
Granada – Sierra Nevada: Plan your journey by public transport
Railway station located in the town of Granada, region of Andalusia, Spain.
Federico García Lorca Airport located in the town of Granada, region of Andalucia, Spain.
Granada – Sierra Nevada weather forecast
|Granada, España||52°F light rain|
Wind 3 mph, NNE
Pressure 759.81 mmHg
Places to go
Federico García Lorca House-Museum at Huerta de San Vicente
TO SEE: In this house, Federico García Lorca wrote some of his best-known works.
This was the old family residence in the country outside Granada. It has now become a house-museum and maintains its original structure, without modifications. Inside you can see the poet’s personal items, photographs, drawings, paintings and manuscripts. In the summers between 1926 and 1936, Lorca wrote some of his most important works here, such as Blood Weddings or Lament for Ignacio Sánchez Mejías.
Manuel de Falla House-Museum
TO SEE: This museum shows the mementos and personal items of brilliant Spanish composer Manuel de Falla.
From 1921 to 1939, the musician Manuel de Falla lived in the city of Granada, in a simple carmen, a typical Granada house with a vegetable or floral garden. The house where he lived has now become a museum, which recreates the atmosphere that surrounded this musician who was born in Cadiz, conserving his furniture, mementos and personal objects.
Rodríguez-Acosta Foundation. Historic Gardens
TO SEE: The Carmen (traditional house with enclosed garden) of the Rodríguez-Acosta Foundation could be the prime exponent in Spain of collaboration between art and nature.
TO DO: This carmen is the work of Granada painter José María Rodríguez-Acosta, who used the local tradition of a “carmen” house to create a unique setting which is a living portrait of the painter’s taste and personality.
RECOMMEND: The garden has several different terraces looking out over Granada’s fertile plain and the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Fragments of walls and columns in pure Modernist style interplay with cypress hedges.
Sacromonte Visitor Centre
TO SEE: It is set in stunning natural surroundings, close to buildings like the Alhambra.
The Sacromonte Visitor Centre is located in one of the most emblematic places in Granada. It is set in stunning natural surroundings, close to buildings like the Alhambra.
TO DO: The complex comprises an Ethnographic Museum, which recreates the different uses that the caves have had throughout history (as homes, stables, kitchen/hearths…) There are also exhibitions and an educational area that help visitors to understand the customs of the cave-dwellers. In the Nature Teaching Room, for its part, visitors can discover the flora, fauna and agriculture of the area. Finally, there is an area dedicated to exhibits by a range of artists in different fields such as music, theatre, dance, and plastic arts, amongst others.
RECOMMEND: The most important, and most characteristic part of its heritage are its caves, which are the most common types of homes in the neighbourhood.
Granada’s Tropical Coast
Granada’s Tropical Coast with its beautiful towns of Motril, Salobreña and Almuñecar, located in Andalusia, Spain.
TO SEE: Granada’s coast and beaches are known for being covered by pebbles and thick dark, almost black sand. Many of the beaches are quite charming and not as urbanized as those of the Costa del Sol. Examples are Salobreña and La Herradura. Due to the subtropical climate of “Costa Tropical”, custard apples and sugar canes are cultivated here.
TO DO: The three most important towns on Granada’s coast are Motril, Salobreña and Almuñecar, although there are many other small towns or villages, not only on the coast but inland, such as Los Guájares or Molvízar and Velez de Benaudalla, well worth a visit due to their lush vegetation and historic monuments.
RECOMMEND: Do not miss out on the sunset at the Peñón del Santo rock. Enjoy the wonderful views to the sea and big part of the town of Almuñecar. Visit the Paseo de las Flores in Salobreña and stroll through its beautiful medieval streets, near the Arab castle, with their authentic Andalusian flavour.
The Albaicín Neighbourhood in Granada
The Albaicín Neighbourhood in Granada, Spain, is full of history and has been home to numerous peoples, giving the neighbourhood its eclectic cultural mix.
The Barrio del Albaicín
The most beautiful views of the Alhambra are obtained from the old Arab quarter of Granada, stands the panorama offered by the Mirador de San Nicolas. The Albaicín meets several churches such as Santa Ana, Moorish style, typical houses or cármenes, with orchard and garden, Moorish palaces such as Dar Al Horrocks. Special mention must Bañuelo, a vestige of the Arab baths of the eleventh century, which inspired the opening of several such establishments in the area.
A stroll through Granada, from Alhambra to Albaicín
If you travel to Granada to visit the Alhambra we run the risk of leaving the city without even having entered. The most exciting way to enter Granada is lost through the streets, alleys and corners of the Albaicin, the old Arab quarter, which still retains its characteristic labyrinthine. The Andalusian capital is located west of Sierra Nevada, sitting on a pile of hills that offer magnificent viewpoints. The old Arab quarter of Albaicín occupies one of these hills, in front of the Alhambra.
A walk along the Carrera del Darro
Some say that is one of the most romantic and beautiful walks in the world, and not wrong. Carrera del Darro and the Paseo de los Tristes allow the traveler to relax sitting in one of the terraces or walls along the river and enjoy magnificent views of the Alhambra.
We begin this unique ride Plaza Nueva. The first thing we encounter is the Church of St. Ann parish Above this elegant tower overlooking the sailing.
And as you walk in the Carrera del Darro have-on the opposite bank of the river “You step on the street that just walk a few meters to put before the house of Pisces, which houses the museum of San Juan de Dios, who died in one of their rooms. At this point the incessant dripping with memories of Granada shops and buildings that blend with the old houses, convents, churches and other monuments that make a nice nod to history.
In Islamic times the area had important buildings and one of them was the Bañuelo, which are the Arab baths. Are among the most ancient and important public preserved Arab baths in Spain and soon we find it in this peculiar and literary ride. Also known as Walnut bath (Hamman to Jawza) or Axares (health or pleasure).
As we walk we see narrow streets overlooking the river in Roman times was called ‘River of gold’. Cuesta harvesters, Laundry St. Agnes … Some of these narrow channels that if we enter them take us to the Albaicin. After passing through the door of Musical Documentation Center of Andalusia reached the House Castril-sixteenth century settled in this area, and great houses the Archaeological Museum of Granada, which deserves a stop.
On the sidewalk opposite the museum found the church of San Pablo and San Pedro and if we go back outside the museum will see a sign that we announce that in the convent of San Bernardo can buy sweets. In addition to San Bernardo in this corner Granada also raised the convent of the Conception.
As we walk this walk cobblestone bridges and see the mountain where the green sprouts and spring advertising.
Here, the monument stands on the right and the jewel is none other than the Alhambra. At the foot of the Moorish palace can be exploited to read a poem by Lorca, Falla, Juan Ramón Jiménez (are just a few examples because there are many more) that speak of this beautiful city and water. “Water was my blood, my life, and I heard the music of my life and blood in the water flowing.” In just 300 meters between Plaza Nueva del Rey Chico can find dozens of places, views of great beauty and memories of history that in the rush of everyday life we ??forget to savor. The one call in one day Career Gate is certainly Guadix this magical place, probably the most beautiful street in the world.
ROUTE OF THE NEIGHBOURHOOD
Albaicín is the most traditional neighbourghood of the city. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its fusion of Muslim-Spanish and Christian traditions.
Nowadays it receives many tourist and it welcomes them with a neighbour touch.
I recommend you the tops in Casa Julio, near Plaza Nueva and Casa Torcuato C / Pagés, 31.
Carmen de los Mártires. Historic Gardens
Carmen de los Mártires is perhaps Granada’s most interesting traditional house with enclosed garden, situated in the region of Andalusia, Spain.
TO SEE: Located in what is known as “Campo de los Mártires”, it was originally a shrine, and later a Barefoot Carmelite convent which was founded in 1492.
TO DO: This Carmen (traditional house with enclosed garden) is perhaps the city’s most interesting, not only on account of its size and stunning gardens, but also for the fact that many original architectural elements can be seen retained in a design dating from the 19th century.
RECOMMEND: Thanks to a recent restoration project, you can now see various styles of garden: French garden, English garden, romantic lake area, vegetable garden, wood or maze, etc.
Granada Cathedral – Renaissance Church
The Cathedral in Granada, Spain, is a perfect combination of a Renaissance dome with a Gothic floor plan.
TO SEE: Diego de Siloé found the perfect way of combining a Renaissance dome with a Gothic floor plan. He joined the circular and basilica ground plans, which earned him the recognition of his fellow architects at that time.
The main chapel encapsulates the greatness of this building. The dome of the main chapel is decorated with beautiful stained glass, sculptures and paintings by Alonso Cano. It has three very beautiful doors: Ecce Homo, San Jerónimo and El Perdón, the latter with excellent bas-reliefs of Faith and Justice.
The main façade is Baroque, and the choir stalls are Plateresque. The side chapels contain excellent altarpieces and paintings. There is an exhibition of the cathedral treasure is on display in the old chapter house, and there are also items on display in the sacristy and the Cathedral Museum.
RECOMMEND: The Inmaculada by Alonso Cano is especially remarkable.
The “Bañuelo” or Arab Baths
El Bañuelo are Arab baths in Granada, Spain, that date from the 11th century.
TO SEE: Walking along the street you can easily miss the door of these impressive and well-preserved Arab baths, the Banuelo, also known as Aammim Alyawza (Banos del Nogal).
The Banuelo baths are located at the bottom of a private house in the Carrera del Darro, at the foot of the Alhambra, and show how skilled the Spanish Arabs were a thousand years ago.
The Banuelo of Granada is one of the few such establishments that were saved from destruction by the Catholic Monarchs, as among the Christians they had a reputation comparable to that of brothels.
These Arab baths have survived because of the building on top of it of a private home, commenced almost from the day of the Spanish occupation of the city.
The Alhambra, Granada
The Alhambra is an Andalusian palace city located in Granada, Spain. This is a rich palace complex and fortress (alcazar or al-Qasr القصر) that housed the king and the court of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada. Its real appeal, as in other Muslim works of the time, not only lies in the interior decoration of which is between the peaks of Andalusian art, but also in their localization and adaptation, creating a new landscape but fully integrated with existing nature. In 2011 he became the most visited monument in Spain, receiving a record number of 2,310,764 visitors.
The Alhambra came on the hill called La Sabika, also known as St. Peter or the Red Hill, the color of their land. On this hill there was a very old fortress, perhaps of s. IX, and on it the first king of the Nasrid dynasty, called Alhamar, began construction. The year was 1239.
We can stroll through it, discovering its palaces, fountains, gardens, towers and gates. The Alhambra was a Moorish city to the king, his government and his knights. Also lived many dedicated people working on it.
No doubt the main points for the visitor are:
- Palace of Charles V and vicinity.
- Nasrid Palaces.
- Alhambra towers and high.
- The Generalife.
- The Citadel
Definitely the best to do in La Alhambra is enjoying a good visit: discover its unique spots, smell the fragrance given off by many aromatic plants arranged in their parterres, listening to the sound of water running in the ditches, ultimately left led by the senses.
The musical shows outdoors which are held every summer in the grounds of the Alhambra.
2012, Debussy at the Alhambra
The International Festival of Music and Dance of Granada, to be held from June 22 to July 8, will devote its 61st edition of the 150th anniversary of the birth of Claude Debussy (St. Germain-en-Laye, 1862-Paris, 1918) as a tribute to the “true precursor” of contemporary music of the twentieth century and friend of Manuel de Falla, who helped release in France his opera ‘the Short Life’ in 1913.
The National Orchestra of Spain, directed by Josep Pons, opened the meeting at the Palace of Charles V precisely Cadiz opera composer in a new concert version and ‘Iberia’ of Debussy, with the participation of soprano Mariola Cantarero and the singer Estrella Morente.
The Cartuja Monastery in Granda
The 16th century Cartuja Monastery in Granda, Spain, is a combination of work by a variety of artists in the church, sacristy and sacrarium.
TO SEE: Although the original plans were Medieval, this monastery is completely Baroque.
It was not ultimately built until 1515, and thus the Cartuja moved further from its initial concept of austerity towards a combination of work by a variety of artists in the church, sacristy and sacrarium.
TO DO: The site marks the height of Andalusian Baroque. The vestry, in fact, is considered one of the towering works of Spanish Late Baroque. Its richly decorated interior includes elements such as marble, columns, carved wood and different inlaid materials.
RECOMMEND: The collection of paintings by artists such as Sánchez Cotán and Bocanegra, amongst others.
The Generalife in Granada
The Generalife in Granada, Spain, was the country residence of the sultan.
TO SEE: This was the country residence of the sultan, the orchard which provided the palaces with food supplies, and a recreational area for the nobility.
TO DO: Really you just have to enjoy this garden was achieved by diverting the river Darro channels to the Generalife. The colourful and outstandingly beautiful Acequia Courtyard serves as the entry point into the premises. The building consists of two structures located at each end of a large courtyard, with a pool in the middle.
RECOMMEND: So just get carried away by the tranquility of the place and admire the views of extraordinary beauty, viewed from the grounds.
Sierra Nevada Nature Reserve
Sierra Nevada Nature Reserve in the province of Granada, Andalusia, Spain.
TO SEE: Declared a national park in 1999 and a Biosphere Reserve since 1986, Sierra Nevada is the highest mountain area of the Peninsula and located in the inner core of the Betic system.
One of its peaks is the Mulhacén (3,482 m.), the tallest peak of the Iberian Peninsula, but in addition there a also few other mountains over three thousand meters. The whole mountain range is marked by glacial action.
In its vicinity there are numerous glacial lakes, the Altera Lagoon, at 3,146 m altitude, is the highest. Declared as National Game Reserve in 1966, twenty years later the UNESCO designated Sierra Nevada as a Biosphere Reserve. Finally, in 1989 declared Natural Park, affecting the regions of Río Nacimiento, Almería Alpujarra, Marquess of Zenete, Lecrin Valley, Granada Alpujarra and Northern Sierra Nevada in the Granada province. Fifty-four muncipalities in both provinces (Granada and Almería) belong partially or as a total to the Park.
Covering an area of 171,646 ha between the provinces of Granada and Almeria, Sierra Nevada is one of the largest Andalusian Protected Natural Areas within the Iberian Peninsula. The Romans called it Mons Slorius. The Arabs named it Xolair Atzalg or Gebal Xolair (Arabized Mozarabic names that mean “mountain of the sun”).
Arab writers such as Al Khateeb and El Idrisi accurately described the Sierra. From these places started the caravans, laden with silk produced in their regions, towards rich, legendary and far countries. La Alpujarra, last Moorish redoubt in the Kingdom of Granada, is set south of the massif as a natural region of strong personality. Throughout history Romans, Arabas and even Spaniards and French weren’t able to conquer this area, which made it possible for ancient customs and traditions to survive intact to this day.
TO DO: Sierra Nevada is without doubt one of the protected areas in which you can practice most outdoor activities: amongst others you can do mountaineering and climbing, skiing, hiking and paragliding.
RECOMMEND: Sierra Nevada’s natural wealth consists of its high mountain flora. 64 local endemisms among 1,700 registered species have been described.
Among the fauna we’d like to highlight the wild goat, the fox, the wild boar, the tawny vulture, the wallcreeper and the golden eagle.
Sierra Nevada Ski and Mountain Resort
TO SEE: Sierra Nevada is Europe’s southernmost Ski and Mountain Resort. Set in the Penibetico range and 32 km from Granada, it has 105 km of runs, with 117 signed pistes for all levels and excellent quality snow. It also has a cross-country skiing circuit, Snow Park and recreational areas for non-skiers. Night skiing on Saturdays, weather permitting.
The southernmost ski resort in Europe offers excellent facilities at only about two hours from the sea and the coast and a few kilometers from the main Andalusian capitals. Sierra Nevada starts a new winter season attracting skiers to its white slopes, lit by the sun of Southern Spain.
The quality of the snow, its exceptional ski-slpes and the complementary leisure offer allure every season thousands of skiers and tourists to Sierra Nevada whose highest peak, the Mulhacén, is 3,481 meters high. The second highest peak is the Veleta (3,398 meters).
TO DO: Due to its privileged location, the Sierra Nevada Ski and Mountain Resort allows you to enjoy an enviable climate while practicing sports or contemplating nature.
Route of Washington Irving
From Seville to Granada
Major cultural route of the Council of Europe
The ‘muse-places’ of Washington Irving. The American writer, reknown as one of the most important authors of world literature, fell in love with more than twenty towns of the provinces of Seville, Malaga and Granada. Irving passed and was inspired by villages like Íllora, Montefrío, Fuente Vaqueros or Loja in the Granada province. Although the Alhambra was the place that impressed him most. Actually, Granada’s famous palace impressed him so much, that he dedicated the fortress a book: ‘Tales of the Alhambra’ (1832).
These places, villages and spots are now part of a 250 kilometer journey that links Seville with Granada, and which has been denominated ‘Route of Washington Irving’. The adventurer Irving made this trip in 1829 impressed by the wealth and exoticism of the Hispano-Muslim civilizations.
Loja was the first town Washington Irving set foot in after leaving the nearby Malaga where he visited places like the Torcal de Antequera. Loja is today a town with dozens of fountains and monuments not only of the Muslim epoch but also of earlier periods.
At Loja the route is divided into two branches: on the one hand you can enjoy the surroundings and monuments of Alhama, Moraleda de Zafayona and Santa Fe, on the other Huétor Tájar, Montefrío, Íllora, Fuente Vaqueros and Chauchina. The last stop on this particular route is Granada, a town that has been praised by many writers and poets, such as Ernest Hemingway, who wrote: “If we were to visit one city in Spain, that should be Granada”.
Or Victor Hugo (1802-1885) whose poem ‘Grenade’ starts as follows:
Soit lointaine, soit voisine,
Espagnole ou sarrazine,
Il n’est pas une cité
Qui dispute sans folie
A Grenade la jolie
La pomme de la beauté,
Et qui, gracieuse, étale
Plus de pompe orientale
Sous un ciel plus enchanté.
(Neither far away nor near, Spanish or Saracen, there is no city, that would dare to compete, with the beautiful Granada, for the apple of beauty, and gracious it spreads, its oriental flare, under a most enchanted sky.)
Before arriving at Granada, you might want to have a break in Huétor Tájar (Roman and Arabic heritage) to taste and enjoy its delicious and famous asparagus – perhaps in any of the cooperatives – and to have a walk on the banks of the Genii river towards the ‘neighborhood of hope’, Barrio de la Esperanza.
Peña de los Gitanos
The next stop on this particular Irving route takes the traveler to Montefrío, a village that has earned the compliments of hundreds of hikers for its beauty. Its landscape is spectacular, the hills and rough vegetation contrast with the lower areas where cereals and olive groves were planted. In this surroundings, significant elevations like the Sierra de Parapanda and the Sierra de Chanzas with the Morrón peak stand out.
In Montefrío one of the must-see places it the ‘Peña de los Gitanos’: an ideal place to settle down for Neolithic people and an interesting beauty to present-day people. The landscape is different from the rest of the environment: ravines of limestone rocks, terraces and valleys, covered by oaks, scrub and lush vegetation that hide the aforementioned Peña de los Gitanos.
In this town, northwest of Granada, you may do different hiking routes, just as in Íllora, situated on the lap of the Sierra de Parapanda. Íllora is a nice village with historic monuments such as the Iglesia de la Encarnación church or the ruins of the castle.
The last but one villge through which Irving traveled before reaching his beloved Alhambra was Fuente Vaqueros where you should not miss the Museum of Federico Garcia Lorca, Granada’s worldwide known writer who also used the experiences of these lands to create his most international works.
As the rest of the routes designed by the Andalusí Legacy Foundation, also this route is well signposted. It can be made by car (on motorway A-92) or by bike, cycling on local roads.
Distance/Time: 10 days by bicycle
Sevilla, Alcala de Guadaira, Carmona, Arahal, Marchena, Écija, Osuna, Estepa, La Roda de Andalucía, Fuente de Piedra, Humilladero, Mollina, Antequera, Archidona, Loja, Huétor Tájar, Moraleda de Zafayona, Alhama de Granada, Montefrío, Íllora, Fuente Vaqueros, Cahuchina, Santa Fe, Granada
Route of the Almorávids and Almohads
Major cultural route of the council of Europe: following the steps of Almorávids and Almohads through the Andalusia, Southern Spain.
This route evokes the enduring and deep relationship between two continents, separated by a narrow, just 14 kilometres wide arm of the sea: the Strait of Gibraltar. This fascinating tour focuses on the strategic crossroads where Africa and Europe almost come together and share the foundations of the mythical Pillars of Hercules.
With expressive simplicity, the ancient geographers and historians gave this region the name of “The Two Shores” due to their closeness and mutual dependence and for being linked by a dense network of lines of communication that multiplied the ties and relations between their peoples. The essence of this productive contact still remains relevant: a common cultural and artistic background, a special art of living …
And what better way to discover and enjoy all this than following the footsteps of the Almoravids, the people from the Western Sahara who, during the eleventh and twelfth centuries, merged the western Maghreb and the land of al-Andalus, creating a vast domain.
Their successors and rivals, the Almohads, surfaced in the Atlas Mountains. In the middle of the 12th century they took Marrakech and consolidated their power both in the Mahgreb but also in the Iberian Peninsula.
The Andalusian route starts in Algeciras, province of Cádiz, and continues through the province of Málaga, passing coastal, countryside and mountain towns and villages. After visiting numerous villages and towns it finally reaches Granada, its magical destination.
Algeciras, Tarifa, Castellar de la Frontera, Jimena de la Frontera, Gaucín, Casares, Algatocín, Benalauría, Benadalid, Atajate, Alcalá de los Gazules, Medina Sidonia, Cádiz, El Puerto de Santamaría, Jerez de la Frontera, Arcos de la Frontera, Grazalema, Zahara de la Sierra, Algodonales, Olvera, Setenil de las Bodegas, Ronda, Teba, Campillos, Velez Málaga, Alcaucín, Zafarraya, La Malahá, Las Gabias, Granada
Route of the Caliphate: from Córdoba to Granada
Route from Córdoba to Granada in Spain, two upsets of history, two unrepeatable moments, two golden ages.
This route links two of the towering works of the art and architecture of Al-Andalus in Spain: Córdoba and Granada, the Guadalquivir river valley and the meadow of Granada. This route is an adventure of the spirit: from Córdoba to Granada, two upsets of history, two unrepeatable moments, two golden ages. Córdoba, the pinnacle, the blinding light which made the remaining cities of the West pale into insignificance. Granada, the refined terminal mannerism of a whole civilization living its final moments. And between them, the castles, the cities which were first staging posts or markers for a more or less haphazard exchange, and later a camp and a base to lay siege to Granada. This route is not just a lesson in history. It is also aesthetic enjoyment, and pleasure for the senses. This itinerary, which forms part of the Routes of the Al-Andalus heritage, has been designated a Major Cultural Route by the Council of Europe.
The route passes through the Natural Park of the Sierras Subbéticas, with its quiet villages, and later on through other mountainous areas, such as the Sierra de Moclín, the Sierra Elvira, and the Sierra de Huétor, on the edge of the plain of Granada. In addition to the landscape and its monuments, don’t miss out on the delicious cuisine and the local crafts. The Route of the Caliphate can be completed with excursions to the Sierra Nevada or the villages of the Alpujarra.
From Cordoba you can follow two routes. The southern route passes Aguilar de la Frontera and Priego de Córdoba, while the northern route passes the villages of Espejo and Baena. Both routes pass the village of Alcalá la Real. From there you can follow the N 432 main road or passing the villages of the Granada plain towards the town of Granada.
The route crosses several nature reserves between the valley of the Guadalquivir river and the plain of Granada. Among other things you’ll see grainfields, vineyards and olivegroves. You’ll also pass some high points (of approx. 1,000 meters) until arriving at Granada, located at the foot of Sierra Nevada.
Córdoba, Espejo, Castro del Río, Baena, Zuheros, Luque Alcaudete, Castillo de Locubín, Ferna´n Niñez, Montemayor, Montilla, Aguilar de la Frontera, Lucena, Cabra, Carcabuey, Priego de Córdoba, Alcalá la Real, Moclín, Colomera, Punos Puente, Güevejar, Cogollos Vega, Alfacar, Viznar, Granada
Route of the Nasrids
Major cultural route of the Council of Europe: Route of the Nasrids – From Navas de Tolosa via Jaén to Granada.
From Navas de Tolosa via Jaén to Granada
Major cultural route of the Council of Europe
The route starts from the mountain passes of Sierra Morena that connects Andalusia and Castile, where the Christian advance invaded which, ultimately, was decisive for the birth of the Nasrid Kingdom.
Therefore the route’s first stage is situated in the village of Navas de Tolosa, which was – besides Despeñaperros – a crucial pass, in the past and in the present, between the plateau of Castile-La Mancha and the valley of the Guadalquivir river in Andalusia. This is also the area where during the Reconquest the decisive campaign was fought that would entail the opening of Andalusia to the people of the North when the power of the Almohads, who in those days maintained the unity of al-Andalus, collapsed.
From this situation emerged a leader in Arjona, the founder of the Nasrid lineage, who after protracted and skillful maneuvering managed to consolidate and establish their own state in Granada. The route follows the traces of this process that marked forever the landscape and people of Jaen’s holy kingdom, ‘Santo Reino de Jaen’, and of the adjacent lands of the Granada province. By the way you’ll discover a human and natural paradise.
In the first part of the journey you’ll pass fortified towns and cities of Sierra Morena, then the villages of the western countryside of Jaen. The route continues towards the eastern hills of the Upper Guadalquivir valley and the towns of Baeza and Ubeda. It then skirts the Sierra Mágina until reaching the town of Jaen. The route’s last stretch leads from Jaen to Granada, in line with the strategic access roads that run from north to south through the Sierras and the Granada region of Los Montes, connecting the head of the valley of the Guadalquivir river and the meadow of Granada where, finally, the route comes to its end.
Navas de Tolosa, La Carolina, Baños de la Encina, Bailen, Mengíbar, Andújar, Arjona, Porcuna, Torredonjimeno, Martos, Torredelcampo, Linares, Baeza, Úbeda, jódar, Jimena, Mancha Real, Jaén, La Guardia de Jaén, Cambil, Huelma, Guadahortuna, Piñar, Iznalloz, Deifontes, Albolote, Maracena and Granada